Sunday , September 25 2022
Thaats and it,s singing time

Thaats (That) : Ten Building Blocks Of Indian Classical Ragas

Hi Classicals,

I was watching the sunset at the Juhu Beach that evening. The entire atmosphere had a hue of an unknown uneasiness. It compelled me to think about the ragas and the moods that are related with the particular time of a day. And what a coincidence, a veteran nearby was talking about Modes in Indian Classical Music or Thaats. He was explaining a young boy, probably his disciple, about Thaats. In the last article we were discussed on differences and similarities between Hindustani Classical and Carnatic Classical music Like this topic many people’s (Spatially from outside of India) having question What is Thaats? In this article I am going to explain Thaats! Hope you folks will find this article useful.

Thaat is an arrangement in the ascending order, wherein the maximum numbers of ragas are put together in a group, with the different sets of complete scale of seven notes (i.e. swara). They are also called as Mela. Thaats that we know today were created by Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande in the beginning of the twentieth century.

Most of the Hindustani ragas are grouped in total ten Thaats. Each of them is named after a well-known raga related with it.

Brief information about these Thaats is explained in the table below:

Sr. No. Thaat Description Related Ragas
1 Thaat Bilawal It’s the most fundamental of all the ten Thaats and is related to the morning. Deskar, Haunsdhwani, Variations of Bilawal
2 Thaat Khamaj It is obtained by replacing the Shuddha Nishad of Bilawal by Komal Nishad. Its nature is romantic (Shringar Ras). Rageshree, Jhinjhoti, Des, Tilak Kamod, Jaijaiwanti, Khambavati etc
3 Thaat Kafi Kafi Thaat uses the Komal Gandhar and Komal Nishad. It’s a late evening raga and is associated with the spring. Dhanashree, Dhani, Bhimpalasi, Pilu, Megh Malhar, Bageshree etc.
4 Thaat Asavari Asavari Thaat is a blend of Komal Dhaivat and Kafi Thaat. It has the nature of renunciation and sacrifice as well as suffering. It is apt for late morning. Asavari, Desi, Darbari, Adana, Jaunpuri etc.
5 Thaat Bhairavi Bhairavi uses all the komal swars, Rishabh, Gandhar, Dhaivat, Nishad. Bhairavi Raga is named after the cosmic feminine power (i.e. Shakti or Maa Durga). It conveys the feeling of devotion and compassion. It is actually sung in the early morning, yet customarily its singing ends the program. Malkauns, Bilaskhani Todi, Bhupali Todi, Kaunsi Kanada etc.
6 Thaat Bhairav Bhairav Thaat uses Komal Rishabh and Komal Dhaivat. It has manly and austere feelings. Itf is exceptionally huge and so constitutes a large number of note combinations like Ahir Bhairav, Alam Bhairav, Anand Bhairav, Bairagi Bhairav, Beehad Bhairav, Bhavmat Bhairav, Devata Bhairav, Gauri Bhairav, Nat Bhairav, Shivmat Bhairav etc. It is typically sung in a devotional mood in the early morning. Ramkali, Gunkari, Meghranjani, Jogiya, Bhairav and its variations etc.
7 Thaat Kalyan This Thaat has a group of evening ragas. As this Thaat is considered as a blessing-seeking and soothing. it is sung at the beginning of a concert in the evening. Like Bhairav, this Thaat too is vast and so has many variations like Shuddha Kalyan, Shyam Kalyan, Yaman Kalyan, Anandi Kalyan, Khem Kalyan (Haunsdhwani + Yaman), Savani Kalyan etc. Yaman, Bhupali, Hindol, Kedar, Kamod, etc.
8 Thaat Marwa It’s a combination of komal Rishabh and Kalyan Thaat. This Thaat coveys the mood of the sunset and so has a feeling of nervousness. Marwa, Puriya, Bhatiyaar, Bibhas, Sohoni etc.
9 Thaat Poorvi This is the mixture of komal Dhaivat to Marwa Thaat. It is intensely sober and is sung at the sunset. Puriya Dhanashree, Gauri, Shree, Paraj, Basant etc.
10 Thaat Todi This is regarded as the king of all Thaats, as symbolizes pleased worship with a placid, warm outlook and is sung in the late morning. Miyan Ki Todi, Gujari Todi, Madhuvanti, Multani etc.


During this study I found a nice Diagram for Thaats and its singing Time:

Thaats (That) and it,s singing time
Photo Credit


These days, for an Indian Classical singers, Thaats have a lesser importance, yet as they lend a hand to know the sorting of Ragas, they prove to be very important for a student of music. Moreover, they don’t have application in other types of music.

If you find this article interesting and useful please share it with your friends. Share your thoughts via comments.

We will come with new exiting topics. In the mean time I would like to suggest you please read more informative articles below.

Singing 10 Thaats (Thats)

Thanks… 🙂


About Pratik Kashallu

Hey Cassicals , I am Pratik Kashallu and I am steady followers of Indian Classical Music…just like you. I’ve have a passion for collecting antique classical gramophone records and record players. Thousands of antique gramophone records and many record players are available in my collection. With this zeal, I am a Admin of world famous Facebook fan page "Indian Classicl Music Fan Club" which is loaded by more than 289K facebook fans and it's total weekly reach is around 2M

Check Also

Raag Nat Bhairav bandish & notations

Raag Nat Bhairav: Bandish with Notations

Here is notations of Raag Nat Bhairav with Bandish. One can use this notations to …


  1. oh no, thats have no time nor mood, that is for studi only , there are many ragas played on the same scale that are played in diferent times, thats are for exercices, nobody play thats, is the raga that have time for playing…….

  2. ramachandra bhat

    you giving very good information of indian classical music. im learning.very thanks.

  3. Jawahar N Suvarnakar

    Pl send me more information about this site and how to join.

  4. Extremely well written and presented piece , especially for learners. Just one suggestion, the video that you have tagged in the end, is it made by you? If it is, it would be helpful to sub tittle it, just for clearer visualization of which thaat is being sung.

    Thank you for writing this

  5. I want to know how to read the time in this clock pattern.

  6. Very Useful , Great Work keep going …

  7. Nice .its really support me to learn classical music

  8. Hello sir.. this is uday… what is actually Aang for
    Bhimpalshi Raag…?

  9. very well written and described. very useful information for the students who are studying for classical music exams.

  10. very nice to beginners

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.