रिघ तीवर कोमल निगम, उतरत धैवत टार |
स-म सम्वादी-वादी है, समझो राग बहार ||
Description of Raag Bahar:
It is believed that Raag Bahaar has its origin in Kafi Thaat. In this Raag, as Re in Aaroh and Dha in Avaroh are prohibited, its class is believed to be Shaadav – Shaadav (षाडव-षाडव). In this Raag, Komal Gandhaar and both Nishad are sung. Here, Ma is Vaadi (वादी) and Saa is Samvadee (सम्वादी). This Raag is sung in the midnight.
Aaroh-Avroh, Pakad, Vadi-Samvadi, Gayan Samay of Raag Bahar:
सा म, म प म ग म, ध नि सां
नि सा ग म, प ग म, ध नि सां
सां, नि प, म प, ग म रे सा
सा म, म प म ग म, नि ध नि सां
Special features of Raag Bahaar:
- This Raag hasn’t been mentioned in any of the ancient scriptures. Thus, it can be believed that this Raag was formed in post- historic period.
- In this Raag, three more Raag can be seen, viz. Bageshwari, Adana and Miyan Malhar. While portraying features of Raag Bahaar, great scholar of Indian classical music Shri. Bhatkhande mentions in his fourth curriculum book that बागेश्वरी मल्हार सुम्मिलत…सुर अडाना बीच चमकत… In Raag Bahaar, group of swaras सा म and ग म ध from Bageshwari, नि ध नि सां, नि प and ग म रे सा from Malhar and नि सां, रे सां नि प from Adana have been blended.
- This Raag is sung in the later half of the musical piece. Its chalan is more powerful in the later half of Madhya Saptak and Taar Saptak. We can concentrate our attention on its Aalaap as its example. With regard to सम्वादी-वादी also, this Raag is sung in the later half. Its वादी swar ‘Ma’ is the part of later half.
- Though, the ideal time for singing Raag Bahar is midnight, yet this is sung and played in every hour in the season of spring (Basant Ritu) . Therefore, this Raag is sung as per the mood of the season. Most of the songs in this Raag illustrate the beauty of the spring season.
- In Raag Bahar, Pancham Swar in Aaroh are Vakra (वक्र), e.g. म प ग म, ध and in Avaroh, Gandhaar Swar are Vakra (वक्र), e.g. म प, ग म रे सा.
- In this Raag, generally, Aaroh has Shuddha and Avaroh uses Komal नि. e.g. म प ग म, ध नि सां in Aaroh and सां नि प, म प ग म, रे सा in Avaroh. In Aaroh, using both Nishaar also is in practice. e.g. म प ग म, नि ध नि सां. Komal नि in Aaroh underlines Bageshwari and both नि symbolize Malhar.
- Inconsistency is the nature of this Raag. Therefore, Badaa Khyaal and Maseetkhani style of singing is less used in this Raag.
- In this Raag, सा म, नि प and म ध fill the atmosphere with melody.
* Nyaas Swar of this Raag – सा, म and प * Anearby Raag – Miyan Malhar.
Below is a good video demonstration of Raag Bahar. Enjoy it…
Film songs based on Raag Bahar: